I’ve been teaching aikido for more than three decades. As far as I know, I’m the most advanced Autistic aikidoka (aikido practitioner) in the world. There are few enough people at my level in the art that if there were another Autistic close to this level, I’d almost certainly have heard about them by now – especially since I’ve actively looked around for other advanced Autistic aikidoka.

While I don’t know of any who are close to my level, I have been hearing from a lot of fellow Autistic aikidoka these days. Most of those I hear from are still in their first few years of practice – there seem to be more and more of us beginning practice, which pleases me immensely.

Unfortunately, we live in a society where, from very early in their lives, Autistics are pathologized and taught to self-pathologize, where they’re oppressed and shamed until that oppression and shame and sense of being deficient or defective becomes internalized.

This self-pathologization and internalized shame can make it easy to become discouraged in the face of challenge and frustration. And this can pose a serious obstacle on the long path to mastery of aikido, especially in the early years – because, as anyone who’s tried it knows, there are few activities in life that offer more opportunity to experience challenge and frustration than being a beginning aikido student.

This week I got an email from a beginning Autistic aikidoka (one with whom I’d had no previous contact) who was grappling with this issue. I replied at length, and I decided to post my reply here for anyone else who might benefit from it.

I hope that my words will be of some use not only to fellow Autistics and fellow aikidoka, but to anyone, Autistic or otherwise, who might be encountering difficulty, frustration, or discouragement in in any path of long-term practice and mastery.

Here are the relevant portions of the email I received:

I am a relatively new student to Aikido. I absolutely LOVE the principles, and I understand them fairly well on a cerebral level, but in application I suck… at least i think I do. I got extremely frustrated with the dojo I was practicing at, because it seemed that my aspergers was causing me to not blend with [my training partners]… like, ever. [...] I stopped going to the dojo for a while to gain perspective on things [...] Do you have any thoughts on what is going on?

This was my reply:

Something I’ve learned from many years of practicing and teaching aikido is that the only way to make any progress in the art is to keep training and training, especially when it’s difficult.

People who stop training when it’s difficult and frustrating never get anywhere in the art.

People who patiently persist in their training no matter what, eventually start to get good.

Something I’ve learned from many years of being Autistic and being involved in Autistic community is that it’s not helpful to speak of “my autism” or “my aspergers,” as if it were somehow separate or separable from oneself, like a medical condition. If you’re Autistic (or “Aspie,” “Aspergers,” or however you choose to identify), then that’s integral to who you are, an integral aspect of the mind and body with which you practice aikido.

Sure, being Autistic can make aikido training more challenging at first. Autism comes with particularly complex sensory experience and with particularly complex and chaotic neuromuscular feedback processes that can pose all sorts of challenges to coordination. But that’s what you have to work with. Your vehicle for doing aikido – and for existing in the world – is your self, and your self is an Autistic self. It’s the only self you’ve got, so you’ve got to accept it and work with it if you’re going to get anywhere. You can only work with what you’ve got to work with, and you can only start from where you are.

Instead of “My aspergers is causing me to have difficulty in my aikido practice,” try thinking and speaking of it as, “I have difficulty in my aikido practice.” That seems to me to be a much more productive way of thinking, because everyone has difficulty in their aikido practice, except for the people who aren’t practicing at all. And the solution to difficulty in one’s aikido practice is to increase one’s commitment to one’s practice, and keep at it.

Difficulties such as the ones you’re encountering can be frustrating in the early years of your training, but they’re trivial in the long run. When it comes to the difference between success and failure in the aikidoka’s journey of mastery, long-term persistence and commitment in one’s training outweighs all other factors.

Persistence trumps talent. Compare two people in their first year of aikido training, and one of them might be far more coordinated and a far quicker learner than the other. But compare them both 30 years later, and if they both kept practicing and practicing, the differences in skill between them by that point are likely to be negligible. If only one of those two students kept practicing for 30 years, then that’s the one who will be good at aikido.

Seems to me that the real obstacle to your practice isn’t your natural neurological wiring, but your negative self-judgment and how easily you’ve allowed yourself to become discouraged.

Stop doing that. Do not allow your aikido training to be derailed by challenges, and certainly not by anything as transient and unreliable as the self-judgments or emotional reactions that arise in the face of those challenges.

Get back to the dojo right away, and practice, practice, practice. 




In August of 2012, as many families prepared for the start of a new school year, the editorial team of the Thinking Person’s Guide to Autism blog contacted a few Autistic people (myself included) who’d survived the public school system, and a few non-autistic parents who’d worked hard to help their Autistic children survive the public school system.

What, they asked us, did we wish that we had known, back when we (or our kids) were first starting school?

Our answers were published on the Thinking Person’s Guide to Autism site on August 27, 2012, in a blog post called Autism and Back-to-School: What Do You Wish You Knew? 

As part of my project of making this blog a place where all my various online writings can be easily found, here is a slightly revised and expanded version of my contribution to that post.

Things I Wish I’d Known in Kindergarten

There’s a lot that I learned later on, in adolescence and adulthood, that I wish I’d known in kindergarten and elementary school.

I wish I’d known the things that I later learned through aikido training: the self-regulation and self-defense skills; the ability to both inwardly access and outwardly convey calm centeredness and physical confidence.

And I wish I’d known that I wasn’t alone, that I would eventually find more and more people like me.

By this I mean not only the Autistic community, and the friends I made as a teenager and adult who weren’t Autistic but to whom I could relate in other ways. I also mean that I wish I’d known there were others out there who’d seen what I was seeing and experiencing: the dynamics of institutionalized oppression, privilege, marginalization, injustice, and abuse; the fact that school was clearly constructed to brutalize children into soulless conformity and unquestioning compliance, and to crush, rather than cultivate, genuine creativity and curiosity.

I could see all of this clearly, but I had no words for it, and the fact that I didn’t have the words for it and that no one else seemed to be seeing it left me feeling alienated and furious; the frustration ate at me every day, throughout my elementary school years.

I wish someone had said to me, back then, “Yes, what you’re witnessing and experiencing is institutionalized social injustice; it’s everywhere in the world and it follows the same basic patterns that it has followed throughout history. There are other people who’ve seen it for what it is, who’ve come up with words for it and written about it. These systems of injustice dominate human society, and yes, most people are largely oblivious and complicit. But some people have woken up, and more people will; you’re not alone.”

I wish someone had said all of that to me on my first day of kindergarten.

Never assume a that child isn’t ready to understand such things. Especially not an Autistic or otherwise neurodivergent child (not because we’re necessarily any smarter than neurotypical children, but because there are more likely to be unpredictable discrepancies between what we know and what we’re capable of communicating that we know). To quote one of the common maxims of the Neurodiversity Movement: presume competence.

Sometimes what’s causing meltdowns and rages and “behavior issues” is that a child really does understand.




Five Steps Toward Autism Acceptance

June 16, 2014

Steve Silberman is a journalist and wonderful human being who’s done some superb writing on autism and neurodiversity. He’s currently working on a book entitled NeuroTribes: The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity, scheduled for publication in Winter 2015, which I’m certainly looking forward to reading. On April 2, 2012, Steve posted on his […]

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Interview on MDMA-Assisted Therapy from the MAPS Bulletin

June 10, 2014

The Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) is conducting a research study on using MDMA-assisted psychotherapy to treat social anxiety in Autistic adults. I’m on board as a consultant. I’m pleased to be a part of this project, because it’s one of those rare studies that focuses on treating a problem (social anxiety) for which many Autistic adults […]

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April, Autism, and Allies

April 2, 2014

Every April, fear-mongering organizations like Autism Speaks – organizations that profit from stigmatizing, harming, and exploiting Autistic people – do a big publicity thing that they call “Autism Awareness Month.” And every April, the Autistic community and their real allies counter by declaring “Autism Acceptance Month,” calling for an end to the stigmatization, pathologizing, and […]

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What Is Autism?

March 1, 2014

How many websites are there that have a page called something like “What Is Autism?” or “About Autism”? How often do organizations, professionals, scholars, and others need to include a few paragraphs of basic introductory “What Is Autism?” text in a website, brochure, presentation, or academic paper? I’ve seen so many versions of that obligatory […]

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This Is Autism

November 18, 2013

On November 11, an extremist anti-Autistic hate group with the ironic name “Autism Speaks” – a well-funded organization with a history of promoting the stigmatization, silencing, disenfranchisement, abuse, murder, and eugenic extermination of people like myself – released a “call for action” authored by one of its founders.  Like much of the previous anti-Autistic hate […]

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Throw Away the Master’s Tools: Liberating Ourselves from the Pathology Paradigm

August 16, 2013

This piece is a revised version of an essay that I contributed to the groundbreaking anthology Loud Hands: Autistic People, Speaking, published in 2012. While the term neurodiversity originally developed within the Autistic community, the neurodiversity paradigm is not about autism exclusively, but about the full spectrum of human neurocognitive variation. This particular essay, however, […]

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July 26, 2013

Welcome to my blog, Neurocosmopolitanism. For this first entry, I figure I ought to offer some basic explanation of the blog’s title and primary theme. What the heck does neurocosmopolitanism even mean? Before I go there, I ought to first provide basic definitions of a couple of other concepts that will be central to my writings […]

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